Monday, July 18, 2016

Hello and welcome to what will become the most sarcastic post on my blog. This is going to be a series of “buzzfeed” style programming articles and after this post I very happily pass the baton to Filippo Valsorda to continue. And I urge you to write your own as well.

So here they are:

  1. -static

    I would be an embarassment to myself if I didn’t start with the flag that tells the linker to not link against shared libraries. This is the best flag. STATIC BINARIES FTW.

  2. --export-dynamic

    This flag tells the linker to add all the symbols to the dynamic symbol table. This is especially important if you want to do “The Macgyver of Dlopening” and dlopen yourself.

  3. --whole-archive

    This is another flag that comes in handy when you want to dlopen yourself. See most linkers will only take into account the things it knows it needs. But with this flag, you tell it “YOLO, I want it all” so that later you can dlopen yourself with that symbol that was never actually used until runtime. FUN!

  4. --no-whole-archive

    This flag un-sets the --whole-archive flag which is nice for when you only want the whole archive of one library but not all the others you are linking to.

  5. --print-map

    This flag is just dope. It prints a link map to stdout. This gives you information about object files, common symbols, and the values assigned to symbols.

  6. --strip-all

    This flag strips all the symbol information from the artifact produced. If say you are a few KB/MB off from your binary fitting on a floppy disk, this flag is your friend.

  7. --strip-debug

    This flag is very similar to --strip-all except it only strips the debug symbol information. This all really depends on how much you need to shave off to fit that binary on a floppy disk.

  8. --trace

    This flag is great for debugging. It prints the names of the input files as ld processes them.

  9. -nostdlib

    This flag forces the linker to only search the libraries you specify with --library-path or -L. This is nice when someone completely messes with your library path and the world is burning and you just want to link to those things you put in some random directory somewhere.

  10. --unresolved-symbols=ignore-all

    This flag is helpful when telling the linker you DGAF about unresolved symbols and to stop yelling at you.